Fez is located in the northeast part of Morocco between the Riff and the Middle Atlas mountains on the two shores of the wadi (valley) Fez. The city is situated in a narrow valley and positioned on the old crossroads of caravan routes connecting the Saharan empires with the Atlantic and the Mediterranean shipping lanes. Fez remained a commercial center for much of its history. The estimated population in Fez is 300,000 with a tiny Jewish presence. As Fez declined in political and economic importance in the late 16th century, many wealthy Jews left Fez. New Jewish arrivals to Fez from Dila brought diversity to the Jewish community, however much of its Spanish character was lost. During this period, Jews were involved in manufacturing gold thread, lace, embroidery and many were tailors or metalworkers. In 1790, Jewish synagogues were destroyed and the Jews were expelled from the city. They were allowed to return in 1792, however the community had diminished significantly.
It is one of the four so-called “imperial cities” (the others are Marrakesh, Meknes and Rabat). Fes is separated into three parts, Fes el Bali (the old, walled city), Fes-Jdid (new Fes, home of the Mellah; built in 1257), and the Ville Nouvelle (the French-created, newest section of Fes). The Medina of Fes el Bali, the largest of the two medinas of Fes, is believed to be the largest contiguous car free urban area in the world. Fes is the home of University of Kairaouine the oldest university of the country and the leading cultural and religious center. Fez is also the home of the oldest an largest medieval city in the world, a city that is almost unchanged through the modern ages and still most definitely alive. Fes el Bali is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Fez is the medieval capital of Morocco founded by Idris I in 789, and a great city of high Islamic civilization. Fez has the best-preserved old city in the Arab world, the sprawling, labyrinthine medina of Fes el-Bali, which is incidentally also the world’s largest car-free urban zone. Within the medina transports of goods is provided by donkeys, mules and handcarts. Understand that the city infrastructure is not necessarily prepared for tourism, especially English speakers. Try to use Google translate to get across, but learning basic words won’t hurt, and you will see people appreciating your efforts. The Kairaouine Mosque is importance in Fez is the second-largest mosque in Morocco (after the new Hassan II in Casablanca) .The Kairaouine is also the holiest mosque in Morocco and governs the timing of all Islamic festivals across the country. Non-Muslims are not permitted to enter the mosque.
The tour package inclusions and exclusions at a glance
The price includes :
- Private tour in vehicle with air conditioning 4×4 / minibus
- Private driver / English speaking guide
- Nights at the hotel (dinner and breakfast )
- Camel trek in the desert
- One night stay in the desert camp
Price does not include:
- Lunches and drinks
- Tips, admission to museums